Working-age 'welfare': who gets it, why, and what it costs

This paper provides some basic facts about the five main benefits that make up, or add to, the income of the approximately five million out-of-work working-age adults to help inform the debate on public spending cuts.
These are:
* Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA);
* Income Support (IS);
* the Employment and Support Allowance (ESA);
* Incapacity Benefit (IB); and
* and Disability Living Allowance (DLA)

The paper also examines the geography of claims; the reality for those claiming disability and illness benefits; and considers what these benefits are worth and how much they cost.

Peter Kenway,
Tom MacInnes
Steve Fothergill
Goretti Horgan
Joseph Rowntree Foundation