conditions of employment

Zeroing in: balancing protection and flexibility in the reform of zero-hour contracts

Given the value placed on zero-hour contracts by some employers and workers, and the incomplete picture of their scale, an outright ban seems inappropriate at this time. But maintaining the status quo would overlook the poor use of these arrangements in a considerable minority of cases.

The relationship between psychosocial work factors, employee health and organisational production: a systematic review

Systematic review to establish the research evidence of the relationship between the psychosocial work environment and employee health and its impact on organisational production. Searches in several databases were performed in September 2009. Previously known studies were also included.

Minimum wage: maximum impact

Paper that steps back from the current annual debate about the appropriate but small rise in the value of the minimum wage to ask a bolder question: are there more radical reforms of the minimum wage that could raise living standards in the years ahead? It discusses what happens in labour markets where the minimum wage is much higher than it is in Britain today. It also asks whether a smarter design could do more to benefit the groups that are most in need of higher wages?

Work-family balance policies

Paper which provides evidence on the key challenges faced by families today as members attempt to manage work and care, and critically examines policy solutions and initiatives, offered by governments, employers and civil society actors to ensure work-family balance.

The missing million: the potential for female employment to raise living standards in low to middle income Britain

The report is structured in three sections. Section 1 sets out data on long-term trends in UK female employment and on how the UK measures up internationally. Section 2 drills down into the international data to better diagnose the UK’s specific performance issues on female employment with a particular focus on maternal employment. Section 3 describes what countries with better female employment rates do differently from the UK in terms of public spending on family policy. The note concludes by sketching out some general and high-level strategic implications.

Dual practice regulatory mechanisms in the health sector : a systematic review of approaches and implementation

The International Centre for Systematic Reviews on Human Resources for Health, Makerere University School of Public Health, working with the EPPI-Centre in London, conducted a systematic review to assess the different regulatory mechanisms employed to deal with dual practice and the effect of these mechanisms on health worker performance. The review aimed at synthesizing the dual practice regulatory mechanisms proposed and implemented worldwide and to document factors key to their implementation, either barriers or facilitators and some of their reported outcomes.

Youth Tracker, Issue 4

This is the fourth edition of Youth Tracker, ippr's quarterly newsletter looking at how Britain’s young people are faring in the recession and recovery, and what can be done to support them. August brings the prospect of exam results and young people having to decide on their next steps in life. This edition of Youth Tracker focuses on how to put these young people at the forefront of education and skills policy.

The GDP cost of the lost earning potential of adults who grew up in poverty

The impact on earnings and employment of growing up in poverty. This report estimates the costs of child poverty in terms of reduced GDP, focusing on the lost earning potential of adults who have grown up in poverty.

Cycles of poverty, unemployment and low pay

Household incomes are dynamic and families can move in and out of poverty over time, with some of them becoming trapped in a cycle. What causes this kind of ‘recurrent’ poverty and how does it relate to unemployment and low pay? How could these cycles be broken? This report summarises the findings of four projects about recurrent poverty and the low-pay/no-pay cycle and examines relevant current UK policy and practice and suggests ways to create longer-lasting routes out of poverty.

Mental health and employment

This report presents findings of a qualitative research project commissioned by the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) to investigate the relationship between mental health and employment. The research was conducted during 2007 by the Social Policy Research Unit at the University of York and the Institute for Employment Studies.