This paper examines the implications of increasing migration to rural areas, looking in particular at the economics of this phenomenon. A mixed methodology was used including a literature review, analysis of national population and economic datasets, surveys and focus groups with migrants in rural areas and interviews with key informants. The roles migrants play in rural areas are explored, as are the economic impacts of migration on existing populations and businesses, and what future migratory trends might be. In particular, the report considers whether recent migration to rural Britain has led to any risks for rural economies; and if so, how these risks can be managed. Commendations for policy measures to help rural economies maximise the benefits of migration are put forward.