systematic reviews

Systematic reviews in social policy and social care

This site presents the work of the York node of the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)-supported Evidence Network. Their aim is to contribute to the development of systematic review methodologies in social policy and social care.

The conduct of systematic research reviews for SCIE knowledge reviews (Research resource 1)

Document updating SCIE's 2002 guidelines on the conduct of systematic reviews to reflect the need to be more exact about SCIE's expectations and the changing state of the art in systematic review methods.

The effectiveness of parent training interventions in improving problem behaviours among disabled children

This is a summary of a review that identified research studies on the effectiveness of behavioural interventions for disabled children with behavioural problems. The findings on intervention outcomes are discussed in the broad areas of interventions on behaviour management skills only; interventions on behaviour management skills and the parent-child relationships; interventions on behaviour management and teaching skills; interventions on behaviour management skills and understanding the condition; and an overview of the significant effects for each intervention.

The effectiveness of behavioural interventions which involve parents in the management of behaviour problems among disabled children: a rapid review

This review identified research studies on the effectiveness of behavioural interventions for disabled children with behavioural problems. The findings on intervention outcomes are discussed in the broad areas of interventions on behaviour management skills only; interventions on behaviour management skills and the parent-child relationships; interventions on behaviour management and teaching skills; interventions on behaviour management skills and understanding the condition; and an overview of the significant effects for each intervention.

Collection of examples of service user and carer participation in systematic reviews (Research resource 2)

Document bringing together three examples of user involvement in systematic reviews with the purpose of informing the development of SCIE's systematic review guidelines.

Early years, life chances and equality: a literature review

Reviews recent literature on how early years experiences may impact on life chances for different groups of the population. Life chances can cover a range of opportunities that people can experience as they become adults and into their later life. These opportunities include, for example, the likelihood of being in employment over individuals’ lifetimes, the chances of obtaining educational qualifications and the chances of good physical and mental health.

Systematic reviews of interventions following physical abuse: helping practitioners and expert witnesses improve the outcomes of child abuse

This briefing summarises the results of systematic reviews to investigate whether effective interventions exist for children and families where a child has experienced physical abuse. It focuses on secondary prevention of adverse child outcomes and recurrence of abuse in children who have experienced maltreatment. The interventions are grouped into: child focused; parent focused; and family focused. Implications for practice, policy and research are discussed.

Walsall Safeguarding Children Board case review executive summary: child K

Briefly presents the background to the case of Child K who was admitted to hospital with convulsions and later died. The executive summary then presents the findings and recommendations from the case review.

Walsall Safeguarding Children Board case review executive summary: child P

Briefly presents the background to the case of eighteen month old P who was removed from his parents along with his 4 year old sister and placed with foster carers after allegations of extreme domestic violence. P later suffered serious permanent brain damage whilst in the care of foster carers. The executive summary then presents the findings and recommendations from the case review.

Effectiveness of the new Local Safeguarding Children Boards in England: interim report

A large scale study was conducted to examine whether Local Safeguarding Children Boards (LSCBs) have successful in overcoming some of the weaknesses in Area Child Protection Committees. This interim report draws upon research undertaken over the first 12 months (January 2008 - January 2009) of the research study.