literature reviews

Paper investigating the relationship between homelessness and offending and describing supported accommodation services provided by Sacro for offenders in Scotland. It also summarises the principal findings from research on the impact of supported accommodation for offenders and highlights issues for practitioners which come out of the research.

Report of a study which carried out a five day review of the literature dealing with the links between poverty, social exclusion and problematic drug use with the aim of determining the strength of the association between the extent of drug problems and a range of social and economic inequalities.

The background and aims of the map topic are discussed followed by an explanation of the methodology behind the systematic mapping. The report then focuses on the flow of literature found in the map and the main results. Finally, there is a discussion of the findings and wider implications of the map for carrying out systematic reviews and various types of other work.'

Report investigating social networks as a factor in labour market proximity and likelihood of gaining sustained employment. Qualitative methods were used to explore these networks and glean new knowledge of processes underpinning people's participation in employment. The principal aim of the research was to provide employability agencies with a better understanding of how to support and advise clients in a holistic manner.

This research report addresses the perceptions of youth crime portrayed by the media and held by the public at large. It attempts to answer questions such as; has there been a change in levels of youth crime in recent years?; what is the current public perception of youth crime?; where perceptions of crime differ greatly from the reality, what are the underlying reasons for this? It seeks answers from the literature and self-report surveys, in particular, the British Crime Survey (BCS).

The aim of this review was to provide an overview of the ideas and research evidence on child abuse and child protection in order to inform the work of the child protection review team. It is predominantly a review of UK research evidence. In some areas, however, UK evidence was found to be lacking and reference has been made to research from the US, Australia and elsewhere.

Scoping review which attempts to map the literature on the adoption of children from public care, identify the extent of research based knowledge, discover the gaps in the evidence and make recommendations for future research.

Paper looking at ways to improve the prospects of offenders with mental health problems in the labour market. It is based on a review of published UK and US literature on how best to help offenders into employment.

Review exploring the evidence on healthy food provision and promotion in schools from various standpoints such as the policy context for food and health in Scotland, UK and beyond, the effects of choice and social inequalities and influences such as the impact of the physical and social environment.

Paper reporting on a knowledge review carried out to pinpoint what is known about effective working with challenging and disruptive situations in residential care.