behaviour

Evaluation of Careers Scotland Enhanced Resource Pilot Project: Final Report June 2009

The aim of the evaluation was to determine which elements or models of delivery best promote the overall aim of improving post school destinations among those identified as being at risk of moving into a negative post-school destination.

Practice panel: boy behaves violently in secure unit

Social workers and a service user offer advice on a case involving a boy who is now in a secure unit after behaving violently at his residential children's home.

Research to inform the development of a social marketing strategy for health improvement in Scotland : final report

Report presenting the findings of a research study which applied a social marketing framework to eight examples of health improvement campaigns and initiatives in order to inform the development of a social marketing health improvement strategy for Scotland.

Catch them young (Radio 4 series: Analysis)

Policy makers are becoming increasingly concerned with the long term consequences of childhood experiences. This concern is fuelled by the belief that the early years of life are crucial in shaping later life. Catch them young and save society trouble later on, runs the argument. Kenan Malik asks whether policies towards young children are based on reliable scientific evidence or on political claims.

Changing attitudes, knowledge and behaviour : a review of successful initiatives

Report examining seven case studies of initiatives designed to effect attitudinal, behavioural or policy change, e.g. youth smoking prevention, in order to discover what methods or lessons could be transferred from the case studies to approaches to tackling alcohol harm in the UK.

The chance of a lifetime: preventing early conduct problems and reducing crime

This paper examines the links between early conduct problems and subsequent offending. It makes the case for greatly increased investment in evidence-based programmes to reduce the prevalence and severity of conduct problems in childhood.

The Adolescent Brain: A Work in Progress

This paper summarises scientific research about brain development in adolescence and in particular, emphasises the changes to the prefrontal cortex of the frontal lobes which appear to be especially critical for mature decision making and impulse control. Sections within the paper address changes in the brain during adolescence at the cellular level; describes adolescent brain development from the perspective of new techniques now available for studying living brains; and, in the final section, summarises knowledge about how these brain changes may affect thinking and behaviour.

Cognitive-behavioral treatment with adult alcohol and illicit drug users: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Cognitive-behavioural therapies are among the most widespread and influential approaches to substance use, yet this analysis found they conferred just a small advantage over other therapies. Perhaps other features are more important than the therapeutic 'brand'.

Dementia : drugs used to relieve behavioural symptoms

The Alzheimer's Society is the UK's leading care and research charity for people with dementia, their families and carers. They produce information and advice sheets to support those affected by dementia. People with dementia may at some point in their illness develop symptoms such as depression, restlessness, aggressive behaviour and psychosis (delusions and hallucinations).

Impact of family breakdown on children's well-being: evidence review

This review investigates the impact of parental separation and divorce on children’s well-being and development. The review incorporates evidence concerning family breakdown, and its consequences, in the context of understandings of ‘the family’, ‘breakdown’ and the ‘well-being’ of children and young people, and includes research relating to both married and cohabiting parents. ‘Well-being’ is defined as incorporating children’s mental, emotional and physical health.