European Union

Peer review academic journal aiming to promote comparative research on probation and community justice across Europe.

Research on the subject of homelessness and housing exclusion. The website can be searched for a number of documents, including statistical data, reviews of homelessness policies, European thematic reports, books, articles and the European Journal of Homelessness.

Paper that looks at features of the criminal justice systems in operation in the Netherlands and Germany and analyses changes in prison numbers in order to see whether any lessons might usefully be considered in England and Wales.

There is a particular focus on Germany and the Netherlands as these are countries which share certain similarities with the UK.

Many European countries, including the UK, are now facing the dual challenge of responding to the demographic changes brought by population ageing, while also implementing tough austerity measures following the 2008 financial and economic crisis.

With increasing pressure on public budgets, this is an important moment to consider what it is that makes a country a good place to grow old, and where possible to learn lessons from our European neighbours on the policies and services that are most effective in giving older people a good quality of life.

Report that outlines the current economic and social situation in the UK, highlighting the challenges the UK faces in meeting the objectives of the Open Method of Coordination for social protection and social inclusion. The report goes on to set out the UK Government’s and devolved authorities’ responses to these challenges.

Paper that is an examination of the recent restructuring and subsequent convergence of European long-term care models. This paper also aims to highlight the increased role of migrant care workers and the need for great social and governmental recognition for all care providers.

Report that analyses actions focusing on sustainable and adequate reforms of social protection systems, active inclusion strategies, well-designed universal and targeted benefits for families and groups at risk, future pension adequacy and long-term financial sustainability of pensions systems, as well as increased effectiveness of health care and long-term care.

In the current economic context, the report encourages Member States and the European Commission to strengthen their capacity to assess social impacts of major policy and spending decisions.

Document stressing the importance of lifelong learning as a means of helping individuals of all ages and, by extension, society as a whole grow and develop and recommending courses of action to make lifelong learning more accessible to all.