vulnerable children

This report is based on evidence from joint area reviews (JARs) conducted in 73 local authority areas April 2007-July 2008. Key findings, recommendations and methodology are followed by sections on safeguarding; looked after children; children and young people with learning difficulties and/or disabilities; additional, education and other investigations; and service management and capacity to improve. Annexes give an overview of JAR grades awarded since April 2007 under the new methodology and a full list of JARs since April 2007.

This review sets out to investigate the evidence base for the provision of differentiated services to meet the diverse needs of disabled children and young people and their families. It focuses on children from BME (black and minority ethnic) communities, children with complex needs, children living away from home, and children from refugee and asylum-seeking families as instances of those who face the most challenges to adequate service delivery.

The role of the designated manager for looked after children and young people in schools was established following the publication of the Learning With Care report in 2001. Having a designated manager in educational establishments and developing a reciprocal role in residential child care establishments is central to improving educational outcomes. This Scottish Government guidance is aimed at assisting designated managers in discharging their responsibilities to looked after children, young people and care leavers.

Report looking at the treatment of vulnerable defendants, both children and adults, in the criminal courts of England and Wales. It assesses existing provision for both groups of vulnerable defendants, identifies gaps in provision and makes recommendations to fill those gaps.

Briefing paper focusing on the effectiveness of interventions in complex child protection cases. Effectiveness here is defined as the prevention of further maltreatment or significant impairment to the child's development.

Key points from this briefing are presented. Every year in the UK, more children experience a parent’s imprisonment than a parent’s divorce. Prisoners’ children suffer from many problems as a result of the imprisonment. Talking to children and young people about imprisonment is not easy and is a significant source of stress for parents and carers. A number of resources are increasingly available to help explain imprisonment to children and to give children and young people the information they need.

This project explored parents’ experiences of situations where concerns of Non-Accidental Injury (NAI) were raised and how they remembered and reflected on these. It also investigated increasing the awareness of paediatricians and other health professionals of what is perceived as helpful or less helpful from the parents' perspective, and making suggestions for paediatric training to improve communication.

A compact and user-friendly booklet for children aged seven to twelve. It talks in straightforward language about what domestic violence is, how it can make children feel, and how and where they can get help.

The booklet explains that domestic violence is not their fault, and that there are people who will listen and understand.