Paper that investigates the impact of persistent poverty on the cognitive development of children in the very early years of their lives. It uses the UK Millennium Cohort Study (MCS), which is a sample of 19,000 children born in UK around the turn of the century.
The report traces the children's cognitive development as measured in a series of standard tests up until they are 7 years old. Its focus is on the impact of living in poverty on this cognitive development.
A growing body of research suggests that good parenting skills and a supportive home learning environment are positively associated with children’s early achievements and wellbeing. Hence interventions to improve the quality of home and family life can increase social mobility.
This briefing looks at how parenting styles affects child development and social mobility.
Full list of Growing up in Scotland reports, summaries and briefings, as well as journal articles, presentations and newsletters.
Study that sets out to consider some of these issues, exploring three of the most common and easily accessible measures used in England for identifying the quality of centre-based early years settings.
Study that explores what we do and do not know about the roles that ‘informal childcare’ play for different families. It shows how these have evolved over the past decade – and discusses how they may continue to evolve – in the light of demographic and policy changes.
Paper that quantifies the prevalence of multiple risks for families with very young children in the UK, and their prevalence by ethnic groups.
It also examines the associations of multiple risks to deficits in developmental outcomes at three and five years of age for children born in 2000 to 2001. The paper uses an ecological model of child development as a framework to map out risk factors, which are obtained from data from the Millennium Cohort Study.
This systematic review was commissioned to address the question: What do we know about the relationship between childhood obesity and educational attainment, from the research literature? The systematic review was published by EPPI-Centre in 2011. Systematic reviews aim to find as much as possible of the research relevant to the particular research questions, and use explicit methods to identify what can reliably be said on the basis of these studies.
Paper that argues strongly that the government is correct to take the bold step of embracing the firm evidence on child development in seeking to create a strategy that "sets out plans to support a culture where the key aspects of good parenting are widely understood and where all parents can benefit from advice and support...what is needed is a much wider culture change towards recognising the importance of parenting, and how society can support mothers and fathers to give their children the best start in life".
Paper that addresses the question of how much of adult life satisfaction is predicted by childhood traits, parental characteristics and family socioeconomic status.