punishment

Legal aid in welfare: the tool we can't afford to lose

Report commissioned by the Legal Action Group, and funded by the Baring Foundation, to investigate the impact of the proposed legal aid reforms on disabled people.

Breaking the cycle: effective punishment, rehabilitation and sentencing of offenders

The safety and security of the law-abiding citizen is a key priority of the coalition government. Everyone has a right to feel safe in their home and in their community. When that safety is threatened, those responsible should face a swift and effective response. People rely on the criminal justice system to deliver that response: punishing offenders, protecting the public, and reducing reoffending.

User views of punishment: the comparative experience of short prison sentences and community based punishments

Scotland is currently engaged in one of the biggest penal reform projects in a generation, seeking to fundamentally change its approach to punishment, which is characterised by high use of imprisonment compared to other parts of Europe, and the use of very short prison sentences. In Scotland around three quarters of prison sentences handed down by the courts are for six months or less. But because short sentences are seen as minimally intrusive compared to long-term or life sentences, there has been, until now, little research on their effects.

Reducing the prison population : penal policy and social choices

Report discussing how penal policy and sentencing can best contribute to reducing the prison population in Scotland while still maintaining public safety and suggesting some principles which would establish a presumption against the use of imprisonment as a means of punishment.

Protecting children, supporting parents: a consultation document on the physical punishment of children

Document which summarises and assesses the governments proposals regarding 'reasonable chastisement' and goes on to discuss the government's refusal to consult on the abolition of this defence as a prelude to a ban on physical punishment.

Crime and justice after devolution

Report that asks if and in what way devolution has led to a divergence in criminal justice policy and crime trends since the late 1930s.

Prisons and sentencing reform : developing policy in Scotland

Report intended for policy makers interested in prison and sentencing reform. It presents evidence about the situation in Scotland and ideas for future policy development in Scotland. These ideas are based on research presented by academics at a seminar on sentencing reform held 12 December 2008.

Offender management in Scotland: the first hundred years

Set within the contexts of probation's centenary in Scotland (2005) and the debate about the future of criminal justice social work in Scotland, this article provides a brief account of the history of probation in Scotland, focusing on the rarely discussed period between 1905 and 1968.

A unique punishment : sentencing and the prison population in Scotland

Report highlighting the part which sentencing has played in the increase in the prison population in Scotland and identifying factors which may discourage sentencers from using custody and encourage them to make use of alternatives to custodial sentences.

Rethinking Crime and Punishment

This site outlines the strategic initiative to raise the level of public debate about the use of prison and alternative forms of punishment in the UK.