There is limited reliable evidence relating to the nature, form and prevalence of youth ‘gangs’ and knife carrying in Scotland. Recognising these information shortfalls, this research report seeks to provide an overview of what is known about the nature and extent of youth gang activity and knife carrying in a set of case study locations; provide an in-depth account of the structures and activities of youth gangs in these settings; provide an in-depth account of the knife carrying in these settings; and offer a series of recommendations for interventions in these behaviours.
This article reviews policy developments in Scotland concerning ‘persistent young offenders’ and then describes the design of a study intended to assist a local planning group in developing its response. The key findings of a review of case files of young people involved in persistent offending are reported.
Effective working with girls and young women who have been drawn into the criminal justice system is considerably hampered by a set of interrelated problems. This article examines the issues, and their implications in terms of the availability and content of targeted interventions and programmes for girls and young women.
This article reviews the evidence regarding young women’s involvement in violent crime and, drawing on recent research carried out in HMPYOI Cornton Vale in Scotland, provides an overview of the characteristics, needs and deeds of young women sentenced to imprisonment for violent offending. Through the use of direct quotations, the article suggests that young women’s anger and aggression is often related to their experiences of family violence and abuse, and the acquisition of a negative worldview in which other people are considered as being ‘out to get you’ or ‘put one over on you’.
The report evaluates the range and effectiveness of the arrangements for education and training for several categories of young people: those identified for their likelihood of offending; young offenders who move into custodial establishments then are transferred between different establishments while in custody; and those who move between custody and the community. The report illustrates good practice and makes recommendations for improvement.
This review assesses the Youth Courts’ impact on reoffending rates, with regard to the impact on the Youth Courts of the recent reforms of summary justice. The current administration announced in January 2008 that a decision would be made about any further Youth Courts in the light of this review.
This episode of Radio 4's Woman's Hour series looks at how we should deal with young people behaving badly. In July 2004, the Government announced its new five year plan to tackle crime. Since then there's been much talk of sweeping the streets clean of yobs and cracking down on young offenders. But what is the most effective way of dealing with bad behaviour by young people?
This is the outcome of an extensive review of evidence about the effectiveness of interventions designed to tackle children and young people's involvement in gun and knife crime. It discusses predicting who is most likely to be involved in violent crime, the impact of where children and young people live on their involvement, how young people's relationships, perceptions and choices affect involvement, anti-gun and anti-knife interventions, and youth offending and youth violence research, ending with conclusions.
Study assessing the progress and effectiveness of the National Parenting Development Project which was set up to develop the range and quality of parent support services in Scotland.
Providing suitable and sustainable accommodation for children and young people who have offended or are at risk of offending is critical to both social inclusion and reducing re-offending. This strategy aims to develop work with national, regional and local partners to prevent homelessness among young people who have offended or who are at risk of offending, and to increase their access to suitable and sustainable accommodation.