evidence summary

The purpose of this review is to summarize policy research findings in the area of maternal prenatal substance abuse to (1) inform and advance this field, (2) identify future research needs, (3) inform policy making and (4) identify implications for policy. As a review, this is a systematic analysis of existing data (findings) on maternal drug use during pregnancy for determining the best policy among the alternatives for dealing with drug using mothers and their children.

This progress map summary provides key research findings from the C4EO knowledge review on the effectiveness of early years interventions for disabled children. A number of 'challenge questions' for strategic leaders to use in assessing, delivering and monitoring the effectiveness of early years interventions for disabled children are also provided.

This knowledge review looks at current literature and practice around service user involvement, the extent to which service user involvement has brought improvements to social work and social care and where the change has become established practice.

The background and aims of the map topic are discussed followed by an explanation of the methodology behind the systematic mapping. The report then focuses on the flow of literature found in the map and the main results. Finally, there is a discussion of the findings and wider implications of the map for carrying out systematic reviews and various types of other work.'

Publication reviewing examples of both innovative and established fostering practice in the UK with a view to encouraging all who work in the field to reflect on their own practice.

Paper reporting on a knowledge review carried out to pinpoint what is known about effective working with challenging and disruptive situations in residential care.

This paper comprises a literature review outlining the current issues and debates relating to informed consent in social research. Focuses primarily on consent in relation to qualitative research comprising ‘traditional’ methods of data collection, such as interviews and observation. It does not does not engage with the many complex ethical issues relating to research using visual methods and new digital technologies nor does it engage with the issues of consent in relation to quantitative research both of which, while important, are beyond the scope of this paper.

Report of a study which investigated interventions designed to support carers with a view to discovering what is known about the outcomes of interventions for carers and the explanatory evidence which exists about how interventions support carers and the contextual factors which influence outcomes.

This knowledge review explores the processes and actions that have proven most effective in bringing about and sustaining improvement in social and health care services.

Foster children have difficult early lives. Their needs are great, their educational performance can be poor, their childhoods in foster care and out of it are often unstable. In their adult lives they are at greater risk than others of a wide variety of difficulties. These 'facts' have led some to conclude that the state is not an adequate parent.