evidence summary

Review of the effectiveness of treatment for alcohol problems

This review is a critical appraisal of the evidence base for the treatments available for people with alcohol problems. The review covers interventions ranging from simple advice and mutual aid to intensive specialist treatment. It has been written to inform Models of Care for Alcohol Misusers (MoCAM), which provides a model framework and standards for the commissioning and development of local integrated treatment systems for alcohol misuse.

Substance use during pregnancy: time for policy to catch up with research

The purpose of this review is to summarize policy research findings in the area of maternal prenatal substance abuse to (1) inform and advance this field, (2) identify future research needs, (3) inform policy making and (4) identify implications for policy. As a review, this is a systematic analysis of existing data (findings) on maternal drug use during pregnancy for determining the best policy among the alternatives for dealing with drug using mothers and their children.

Improving the well-being of disabled children (up to age 8) and their families through increasing the quality and range of early years interventions: progress map summary

This progress map summary provides key research findings from the C4EO knowledge review on the effectiveness of early years interventions for disabled children. A number of 'challenge questions' for strategic leaders to use in assessing, delivering and monitoring the effectiveness of early years interventions for disabled children are also provided.

Informed Consent in Social Research: A Literature Review

This paper comprises a literature review outlining the current issues and debates relating to informed consent in social research. Focuses primarily on consent in relation to qualitative research comprising ‘traditional’ methods of data collection, such as interviews and observation. It does not does not engage with the many complex ethical issues relating to research using visual methods and new digital technologies nor does it engage with the issues of consent in relation to quantitative research both of which, while important, are beyond the scope of this paper.

Multi-agency protection arrangements (MAPPA) in Scotland: what do the numbers tell us?

Briefing paper that collates for the first time, statistics about multi-agency public protection arrangements (MAPPA) across Scotland. The paper begins by outlining the MAPPA arrangements in Scotland and compares information about offenders managed through MAPPA in Scotland with those in England and Wales. It then offers a detailed examination of the data available about MAPPA in Scotland.

Improving the wellbeing of disabled children and young people through improving access to positive and inclusive activities: progress map summary

This progress map summary includes key research findings from a C4EO knowledge review about how to improve disabled children's access to play, sport, leisure and cultural activities. The summary includes challenge questions which can be used as tools for strategic leaders in assessing, delivering and monitoring disabled children's access to services. Key findings discussed include what are inclusive services, what disabled children want from play and leisure services and barriers to access and participation.

Early Intervention: Securing good outcomes for all children and young people

Today, it is widely agreed by experts across the world that early intervention can be of enormous benefit to children. That is why, as this paper sets out, the government is investing in a number of evidence-based prevention and early intervention programmes and supporting their roll out across the country.

This document draws together a wealth of research and good practice with the aim of supporting Children’s Trust Boards and their constituent partners to bring greater consistency, rigour and impact to the way early intervention is organised and delivered locally.