Short reviews of research evidence, each answering a key question related to an aspect of current health and social care practice for adults. In answering the question authors summarise the available evidence and detail the key implications for practice.
Provides accessible summaries of the most up-to-date, relevant evidence on key issues for policy and practice. Topics covered include employment for people with long-term mental health problems, direct payments for those using mental health services and effective involvement of older people in service planning, and effectiveness of support for adults with autistic spectrum disorder.
Guidance intended to assist health and social care professionals who are involved in dealing with parents of children with conduct disorders. It advises on all aspects of organising and running education programmes for parents.
This is the outcome of an extensive review of evidence about the effectiveness of interventions designed to tackle children and young people's involvement in gun and knife crime. It discusses predicting who is most likely to be involved in violent crime, the impact of where children and young people live on their involvement, how young people's relationships, perceptions and choices affect involvement, anti-gun and anti-knife interventions, and youth offending and youth violence research, ending with conclusions.
The children’s residential care sector across the UK has changed markedly over the past two decades and more. One impact of these changes has been a greatly reduced residential sector, with the proportion of looked-after children who are placed in residential care declining over this period.
Paper highlighting the limitations of evaluating criminal justice services in terms of their impact on re-offending using reconviction data only.
It discusses the implications of this for policy and recommends the use of other research methods which conform more to the aims of specific services. It also identifies some of the limits of any criminal justice system's capacity to reduce harm in society.
Report describing and discussing a systematic map focusing on the role of vocation, meaningful occupation and training in the refashioning of mental health day services. It includes research on how the recovery approach can operate in community-based vocational and training adult mental health services.
The purpose of this review is to summarize policy research findings in the area of maternal prenatal substance abuse to (1) inform and advance this field, (2) identify future research needs, (3) inform policy making and (4) identify implications for policy. As a review, this is a systematic analysis of existing data (findings) on maternal drug use during pregnancy for determining the best policy among the alternatives for dealing with drug using mothers and their children.
This progress map summary provides key research findings from the C4EO knowledge review on the effectiveness of early years interventions for disabled children. A number of 'challenge questions' for strategic leaders to use in assessing, delivering and monitoring the effectiveness of early years interventions for disabled children are also provided.
This knowledge review looks at current literature and practice around service user involvement, the extent to which service user involvement has brought improvements to social work and social care and where the change has become established practice.