Drug and Alcohol Misuse

A collection of training materials compiled by STRADA, Scottish Training on Drugs and Alcohol.

Malcolm Knowles, informal adult education, self-direction and anadragogy, the encyclopaedia of informal education

Knowles was convinced that adults learned differently to children - and that this provided the basis for a distinctive field of enquiry. His earlier work on informal adult education had highlighted some elements of process and setting. Similarly, his charting of the development of the adult education movement in the United States had helped him to come to some conclusions about the shape and direction of adult education. What he now needed to do was to bring together these elements. The mechanism he used was the notion of andragogy.

Determining the effectiveness of alcohol screening and brief intervention approach in a young people’s sexual health service

An evaluation of a pilot study delivering Screening and Brief Interventions (SBIs) in a young people's sexual health service has shown positive results through a number of findings. The Place, in Sandyford, Glasgow and Clyde, piloted the scheme using a grant from AERC after a needs assessment showed alcohol was a significant factor for many of those attending the clinic.

Review of the effectiveness of treatment for alcohol problems

This review is a critical appraisal of the evidence base for the treatments available for people with alcohol problems. The review covers interventions ranging from simple advice and mutual aid to intensive specialist treatment. It has been written to inform Models of Care for Alcohol Misusers (MoCAM), which provides a model framework and standards for the commissioning and development of local integrated treatment systems for alcohol misuse.

Substance use during pregnancy: time for policy to catch up with research

The purpose of this review is to summarize policy research findings in the area of maternal prenatal substance abuse to (1) inform and advance this field, (2) identify future research needs, (3) inform policy making and (4) identify implications for policy. As a review, this is a systematic analysis of existing data (findings) on maternal drug use during pregnancy for determining the best policy among the alternatives for dealing with drug using mothers and their children.

Problem drinking and alcoholism: diagnosis and treatment

Alcoholism is one of the most common psychiatric disorders with a prevalence of 8 to 14 percent. This heritable disease is frequently accompanied by other substance abuse disorders (particularly nicotine), anxiety and mood disorders, and antisocial personality disorder.

Although associated with considerable morbidity and mortality, alcoholism often goes unrecognized in a clinical or primary health care setting. Several brief screening instruments are available to quickly identify problem drinking, often a pre-alcoholism condition.